Convenzione SOLAS Ed. Consolidate 2104

SOLAS-2014

Convenzione internazionale per la sicurezza della vita in mare (SOLAS)

La Convenzione internazionale SOLAS, acronimo di Safety Of Life At Sea è un accordo internazionale elaborato dall’Organizzazione Marittima Internazionale (IMO), volta a tutelare la sicurezza della navigazione mercantile, con esplicito riferimento alla salvaguardia della vita umana in mare.

Adozione: 1 novembre 1974

Entrata in vigore: 25 maggio 1980 con la Legge 23 maggio 1980 n. 313

La convenzione SOLAS nelle sue forme successive è generalmente considerata il più importante di tutti i trattati internazionali relativi alla sicurezza delle navi mercantili. La prima versione fu adottata nel 1914, in risposta al disastro del Titanic, la seconda nel 1929, la terza nel 1948 e la quarta nel 1960. La versione del 1974 include la tacita procedura di accettazione – che prevede che un emendamento entri in vigore il una data specifica a meno che, prima di tale data, le obiezioni all’emendamento siano ricevute da un numero concordato di Parti.

Di conseguenza, la Convenzione del 1974 è stata aggiornata e modificata in numerose occasioni. La Convenzione in vigore oggi è a volte indicata come SOLAS, 1974, come modificata.

L’obiettivo principale della convenzione SOLAS è specificare le norme minime per la costruzione, l’equipaggiamento e il funzionamento delle navi, compatibili con la loro sicurezza. Gli Stati di bandiera hanno la responsabilità di garantire che le navi sotto la loro bandiera rispettino i propri requisiti e un numero di certificati è prescritto nella Convenzione come prova che ciò è stato fatto. Le disposizioni di controllo consentono inoltre ai Governi Contraenti di ispezionare navi di altri Stati Contraenti se vi sono fondati motivi per ritenere che la nave e le sue attrezzature non siano sostanzialmente conformi ai requisiti della Convenzione – questa procedura è nota come controllo dello Stato di approdo. L’attuale convenzione SOLAS comprende articoli che stabiliscono obblighi generali, procedure di modifica e così via, seguiti da un allegato suddiviso in 12 capitoli.

Capitolo I – Disposizioni generali
Capitolo II-1 – Costruzione – Suddivisione e stabilità, macchine e impianti elettrici
Capitolo II-2 – Protezione antincendio, rivelazione incendi e estinzione degli incendi
Capitolo III – Apparecchi e disposizioni di salvataggio
Capitolo IV – Radiocomunicazioni
Capitolo V – Sicurezza della navigazione Il
Capitolo VI – Trasporto di carichi
Capitolo VII – Trasporto di merci pericolose
Capitolo VIII – Navi nucleari
Capitolo X – Misure di sicurezza per le imbarcazioni ad alta velocità
Capitolo XI-1 – Misure speciali per migliorare la sicurezza marittima
Capitolo XI-2 – Misure speciali per rafforzare la sicurezza marittima
Capitolo XII – Misure di sicurezza supplementari per le navi portarinfuse
Capitolo XIII – Verifica della conformità
Capitolo XIV – Misure di sicurezza per le navi che operano in acque polari

Modifiche

La convenzione del 1974 è stata modificata più volte per tenerla aggiornata.

La prima versione fu adottata nel 1914, in risposta al disastro del Titanic, la seconda nel 1929, la terza nel 1948 e la quarta nel 1960.

Gli emendamenti adottati dal Comitato per la sicurezza marittima (MSC) sono elencati nelle Risoluzioni MSC (al link lista degli emendamenti SOLAS dal 1981 al 2009).

Fonte: IMO

Maggiori Info

Denmark Øresundstunnel: Dangerous Goods

Danisch Øresundstunnel Dangerous Goods

Denmark Øresundstunnel: Dangerous Goods

Tunnel categories for Dangerous Goods in the Øresundstunnel (updated 15 November 2017):

From 06:00 am to 07:00 pm: Category D
From 07:00 pm to 06:00 am: Category B

___

Notification according to 1.9.5 (Tunnel restrictions)

1.9.5

TUNNEL RESTRICTIONS

NOTE:
Provisions concerning restrictions for the passage of vehicles through road tunnels are also included in Chapter 8.6.

1.9.5.2.1

The categorization shall be based on the assumption that in tunnels there are three major dangers which may cause numerous victims or serious damage to the tunnel structure:
(a) Explosions;
(b) Release of toxic gas or volatile toxic liquid;
(c) Fires.

1.9.5.2.2

The five tunnel categories are the following:

Tunnel category A:
No restrictions for the carriage of dangerous goods;

Tunnel category B:
Restriction for the carriage of dangerous goods which may lead to a very large explosion;
The following dangerous goods are considered to fulfil this criterion (2):
Class 1: Compatibility groups A and L;
Class 3: Classification code D (UN Nos. 1204, 2059, 3064, 3343, 3357 and 3379);
Class 4.1: Classification codes D and DT; and
Self-reactive substances, type B (UN Nos. 3221, 3222, 3231 and 3232);
Class 5.2: Organic peroxides, type B (UN Nos. 3101, 3102, 3111 and 3112).
When the total net explosive mass per transport unit is greater than 1000 kg:
Class 1: Divisions 1.1, 1.2 and 1.5 (except compatibility groups A and L).
When carried in tanks:
Class 2: Classification codes F, TF and TFC;
Class 4.2: Packing group I;
Class 4.3: Packing group I;
Class 5.1: Packing group I.
Class 6.1: UN No. 1510

Tunnel category C:
Restriction for the carriage of dangerous goods which may lead to a very large explosion, a large explosion or a large toxic release;

The following dangerous goods are considered to fulfil this criterion (2):

– the dangerous goods restricted in tunnel category B, and
– the following dangerous goods:
Class 1: Divisions 1.1, 1.2 and 1.5 (except compatibility groups A and L); and
Division 1.3 (compatibility groups H and J);
Class 7: UN Nos. 2977 and 2978.
When the net explosive mass per transport unit is greater than 5000 kg:
Class 1: Division 1.3 (compatibility groups C and G).
When carried in tanks:
Class 2: Classification codes 2A, 2O, 3A and 3O, and classification codes containing the
letter T only or letter groups TC, TO and TOC
Class 3: Packing group I for classification codes FC, FT1, FT2 and FTC;
Class 6.1: Packing group I, except UN No. 1510
Class 8: Packing group I for classification codes CT1, CFT and COT.
Tunnel category D:
Restriction for the carriage of dangerous goods which may lead to a very large explosion, to a large explosion, to a large toxic release or to a large fire;
The following dangerous goods are considered to fulfil this criterion (2):
– the dangerous goods restricted in tunnel category C, and
– the following dangerous goods:
Class 1: Division 1.3 (compatibility groups C and G);
Class 2: Classification codes F, FC, T, TF, TC, TO, TFC and TOC;
Class 4.1: Self-reactive substances, types C, D, E and F; and
UN Nos. 2956, 3241, 3242, 3251, 3531, 3532, 3533 and 3534;
Class 5.2: Organic peroxides, types C, D, E and F;
Class 6.1: Packing group I for classification codes TF1, TFC and TFW and UN No.3507; and
Toxic by inhalation entries for which special provision 354 is assigned in column (6)
of Table A of Chapter 3.2 and toxic by inhalation entries of UN Nos. 3381 to 3390;
Class 8: Packing group I for classification codes CT1, CFT and COT;
Class 9: Classification codes M9 and M10.
When carried in bulk or in tanks:
Class 3
Class 4.2: Packing group II;
Class 4.3: Packing group II;
Class 6.1: Packing group II; and
Packing group III for classification code TF2;
Class 8: Packing group I for classification codes CF1, CFT and CW1; and
Packing group II for classification codes CF1 and CFT
Class 9: Classification codes M2 and M3.
Tunnel category E:
Restriction for the carriage of all dangerous goods other than those for which ‘(-)’ is marked in Column (15) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 and for all dangerous goods in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 3.4 if the quantities carried exceed 8 tonnes total gross mass per transport unit.
NOTE: For the dangerous goods assigned to UN Nos. 2919 and 3331, restrictions to the passage through tunnels may, however, be part of the special arrangement approved by the competent
authority(ies) on the basis of 1.7.4.2.(2) The evaluation takes into account intrinsic inherent property of the goods, the means of retention and the quantities transported.Info

Safety ADR: ADR, Tremcards, report substance: pdf/print/share

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Safety ADR© – Update ADR 2017

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Safety ADR: Update 1.0.4 del 20 Ottobre 2017

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Safety ADR: Update 1.0.4 del 20 Ottobre 2017

Changelog:

– Aggiunte istruzioni scritte secondo l’ADR in 26 lingue (Inglese, Italiano, Francese, Russo, Danese, Lettone, Norvegese, Svedese, Tedesco, Ungherese, Romeno, Portoghese, Ceco, Spagnolo, Turco, Sloveno, Slovacco, Estone, Neerlandese (Belgio), Neerlandese (Paesi Bassi), Polacco, Finlandese, Lituano, Bulgaro, Greco, Serbo) e revisionate 4 lingue (Estone, Lituano, Portoghese, Slovacco)
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Safety ADR: Update 1.0.4 on 20 Oct 2017

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Safety ADR: Update 1.0.4 on 20 Oct 2017

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UN Model Regulations 20a Revised edition

UN_Model_Regulations_20

UN Model Regulations 20a Revised edition

10 Ottobre 2017

UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and Guiding Principles for use with the 20th revised edition.

These recommendations have been developed in the light of technical progress, the advent of new substances and materials, the exigencies of modern transport systems and, above all, the requirement to ensure the safety of people, property and the environment. They are addressed to governments and international organisations concerned with the regulation of the transport of dangerous goods. The Model Regulations cover the classification of dangerous goods, their listing, the use, construction, testing and approval of packagings and portable tanks, as well as consignment procedures such as marking, labelling, placarding and documentation.

This twentieth revised edition contains various new and revised provisions concerning, inter alia, articles which contain dangerous substances or articles; the classification of ammonium nitrate-based fertilizers; the classification of corrosive mixtures; the stabilization of fishmeal to prevent self-heating; cargo transport units containing lithium batteries and used for electricity storage; packing instruction for defective or damaged lithium batteries; the availability of test reports for lithium batteries; the transport of unstable substances under temperature control and the transport of vehicles powered by flammable liquids or gases, fuel cells or batteries.

Model Regulations 20a revised edition

Volume I
(Recommendations, Parts 1 to 3, Dangerous Goods List, Appendices and Alphabetical Index)

Volume II
(Parts 4 to 7 and Table of Correspondence)

United Nations, 2017

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GHS presentations – Rev. 7 UNECE Oct 2017

GHS_scope_rev2017

GHS presentations Rev.7 Luglio 2017

06.10.2017

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)

The following presentations are based on the seventh revised edition of the GHS (GHS Rev.7).

Note: The information contained in the presentations hereafter is not exhaustive and is provided only as guidance for the application of GHS classification criteria. For classification purposes, please refer to the official text of the GHS.

– Introduction    

Historical background
Purpose, scope and application of the GHS

– Physical, health and environmental hazards:

Classification criteria for substances and mixtures Physical hazards: classification criteria for substances and mixtures
Health and environmental hazards: classification criteria for substances and mixtures

– Hazard communication  

Hazard communication: Labelling and Safety Data Sheets

Fonte:
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

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GHS. Rev.7 (2017): Files PDF available to download

GHS_e_2017

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)

Seventh revised edition

Files PDF available to download of the 7th revised edition of the GHS.

To view and download the files of each chapter individually:

Foreword and table of contents
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: Physical hazards
Part 3: Health hazards
Part 4: Environmental hazards

Annexes

Annex 1: Classification and labelling summary tables
Annex 2: (Reserved)
Annex 3: Codification of hazard statements, codification and use of precautionary statements, codification of hazard pictograms and examples of precautionary pictograms
Annex 4: Guidance on the preparation of Safety Data Sheets
Annex 5: Consumer product labelling based on the likelihood of injury
Annex 6: Comprehensibility testing methodology
Annex 7: Examples of arrangements of the GHS label elements
Annex 8: An example of classification in the Globally Harmonized Systems
Annex 9: Guidance on hazards to the aquatic environment
Annex 10: Guidance on transformation/dissolution of metals and metal compounds

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GHS. Rev.7 (2017)

GHS_e_2017

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS, Rev.7)

Published: July 2017

The GHS addresses classification of chemicals by types of hazard and proposes harmonized hazard communication elements, including labels and safety data sheets. It aims at ensuring that information on physical hazards and toxicity from chemicals be available in order to enhance the protection of human health and the environment during the handling, transport and use of these chemicals.

The GHS also provides a basis for harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals at national, regional and worldwide level.

This seventh revised edition of the GHS contains various new or revised provisions including, inter alia, revised criteria for categorisation of flammable gases within Category 1; miscellaneous amendments intended to clarify the definitions of some health hazard classes; additional guidance to extend the coverage of section 14 of the Safety Data Sheets to all bulk cargoes transported under instruments of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), regardless of their physical state; revised and further rationalized precautionary statements in Annex 3; and a new example in Annex 7 addressing labelling of small packagings with fold-out labels.

ST/SG/AC.10/30/Rev.7
Sales No. E.17.II.E.1
ISBN: 978- 92-1-117131-0

Languages: E, F (R, S,A, C forthcoming)

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UN Model Regulations (Rev.20) – 2017

Recommendations_Transport_Dangerous_Goods_Model_Regulations_Rev.19

Recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods, model regulations (Rev.20) – 2017

Published: June 2017

These recommendations have been developed in the light of technical progress, the advent of new substances and materials, the exigencies of modern transport systems and, above all, the requirement to ensure the safety of people, property and the environment. They are addressed to governments and international organisations concerned with the regulation of the transport of dangerous goods. The Model Regulations cover the classification of dangerous goods, their listing, the use, construction, testing and approval of packagings and portable tanks, as well as consignment procedures such as marking, labelling, placarding and documentation.

This twentieth revised edition contains various new and revised provisions concerning, inter alia, articles which contain dangerous substances or articles; the classification of ammonium nitrate-based fertilizers; the classification of corrosive mixtures; the stabilization of fishmeal to prevent self-heating; cargo transport units containing lithium batteries and used for electricity storage; packing instruction for defective or damaged lithium batteries; the availability of test reports for lithium batteries; the transport of unstable substances under temperature control and the transport of vehicles powered by flammable liquids or gases, fuel cells or batteries.

ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev.20
Complete set of two volumes
Sales No. 17.VIII.1
ISBN 978-92-1-139159-6 (English version)
Price: US$ 175
Languages: E, F (A, C, R, S forthcoming)

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Previous editions and CD-ROM of this publication are also available: bibliographic information on all editions and language versions

For more information on these recommendations, visit the UN Model Regulations section of the UNECE Transport Division Website.